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Entropion In Dogs: Causes & Treatments

Entropion In Dogs: Causes & Treatments

Entropion is a condition seen in many breeds where the pup's eyelids roll inwards causing irritation, pain and other eye problems. Today our Benicia vets share more about this common eye condition in dogs including symptoms and treatment.

Eye Entropion In Dogs

Entropion is primarily caused by a genetic abnormality that causes a dog's eyelids to roll inward. This inward positioning means that your pup's fur and eyelashes can rub against the surface of the eye often causing pain, conjunctivitis, eye infections, corneal ulcers, perforations, and in some cases the development of pigment on the cornea which affects your dog's vision.

Entropion is a common problem in a number of breeds including:

  • Toy and Miniature Poodle
  • Akita, Japanese Chin
  • Staffordshire Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  • Basset Hound, Bloodhound, Bulldog
  • Cocker Spaniel, English Springer Spaniel, English Toy Spaniel, Clumber Spaniel, Tibetan Spaniel
  • Flat-coated Retriever, Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever
  • Gordon Setter, Great Dane, Great Pyrenees, Irish Setter
  • Dalmatian, Siberian Husky, Vizsla
  • Bernese Mountain Dog, Mastiff, Newfoundland, Old English Sheepdog
  • Weimaraner, Pekingese, Pomeranian, Chesapeake Bay Retriever
  • Pug, Rottweiler, Shar Pei, Shih Tzu, Saint Bernard

Signs That Your Dog May Have Entropion

Signs of entropion typically appear early with most dogs being diagnosed before they reach their first birthday. Squinting, excessive tearing and holding eyes shut are the most common signs of entropion. Although in some cases flat-faced dogs will show no outward signs of discomfort.

Treatment For Entropion In Dogs

Puppies will sometimes grow out of entropion and no treatment will be required. However, if the condition is causing discomfort a procedure known as 'tacking' or temporary eyelid eversion can help to relieve symptoms in young dogs.

Medical treatments can include antibiotic ointments to decrease damage to the cornea, but medications will not resolve the entropion itself. In order to correct the issue, surgical intervention will be required.

Entropion Surgery in Dogs (Blepharoplasty)

If entropion continues to be an issue as your puppy reaches their first birthday surgery can be performed, to correct the issue and relieve your pup's discomfort.

In order to avoid over-correcting this condition (leading to the eyelids rolling outward) two surgeries may be performed, the first being the primary (major) correction and the second being a minor corrective surgery.

Before and after the surgery your dog may be prescribed medications such as ophthalmic antibiotics or lubricants to treat conditions resulting from the irritation caused by entropion.

The cost of entropion surgery for dogs varies depending on a number of factors but tends to range between $500 - $1800. To find out how much this surgery will cost to correct your pup's eye condition contact your vet for details, or request a referral to have your dog seen by our Board-Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist at Carolina Veterinary Specialists in Greensboro.

Prognosis for Dogs with Entropion

Following surgery, most dogs recover well and the condition does not return. That said, recurrence is common in Shar Peis due to their excessive folds of skin around the eyes.

    Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.

    If you've noticed signs of entropion in your canine companion, contact our Benicia vets about seeking care and diagnosis for your canine companion.

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